Main Article Content

Abdelhanine Ayad
Sofiane Aissanou
Karim Amis
Amel Latreche
Mokrane Iguer-Ouada


The survey was to define some morphometric characteristics and body biometric indexes of donkeys sampled in the Kabylie area, Algeria. The study was carried out from February to June 2018 in Bejaia and Tizi-Ouzou province. The study population included 124 males and 2 females. In total, 17 body measures were selected for morphometric characterization including and seven body biometric indexes were calculated. Body weight estimated the two equations was 144.3 ± 23.9 and 171.5 ± 28.8 kg, respectively. Significant higher body weight was recorded in the age group ≤ 5 years and the lower body weight in the age group ≥ 6 - ≤ 10 years and ≥ 11 years. Morphological variables of chest width (CW) and Cannon length (CL) were significant longer (P < 0.02) in aged donkeys (25.2 ± 1.3 and 20.5 ± 0.7 cm, respectively) compared to adult donkeys (24.7 ± 2.3 and 20 ± 1.4 cm, respectively). Aged donkeys (114.8 ± 5.8 cm) were also significantly superior (P < 0.01) concerning the thoracic circumference (TC) compared to adult donkeys (112.2 ± 9.8 cm). The highest values were found between WH and BH (r = 0.80); HR and BH (r = 0.72) HR and WH (r = 0.72) (P < 0.05). Dactyl thoracic Index (DTI), Compact Index (CI), Massive index (MI) and Relative body index (RBI) appeared to be influenced by donkey ages (P > 0.05). This is a first report on the phenotypic characterization in donkeys in Kabylie area (Algeria) based on corporal measurements. Our comparative analysis of morphometric parameters; such as back length, body length, neck length; suggests that donkeys of Kabylie area are typically invariant among breeds and it has not been changed through the periods.

Article Details



Bouchel, D., Lauvergne, J. J., Guibert, E. & Minvielle, F. 1997. Étude morpho-biométrique de la chèvre du Rove I. Hauteur au garrot (HR), profondeur du thorax (PT), vide sous-sternal (VSS) et indice de gracilité sous-sternale (IGs) chez les femelles. Revue de Médecine Vétérianire, 148(1), 37–46.
Boujenane, I., Touati, I. & Machmoum, M. 2008. Mensurations corporelles des chevaux Arabe-Barbes au Maroc. Revue de Medecine Veterinaire, 159(3), 144–149.
Barzev, G. 2004. Donkey utilisation in Bulgaria. In: Donkeys, people and development. A resource book of the Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (ATNESA). ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), Wageningen, The Netherlands. p. 244. (Accessed on 15.12.2018).
Camps, G., Chaker, S. & Musso, J. C. 1985. Âne. Encyclopédie Berbère, 5, 647–657.
Chabchoub, A., Landolsi, F. & Jari, Y. 2004. Etude des paramètres morphologiques des chevaux Barbes de Tunisie. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire, 155(1), 31–37.
Daloum, S., Meutchieye, F. & Manjeli, Y. 2015. Diversité phénotypique de l’âne domestique dans la région de Hadjer-Lamis, zone sahélienne du Tchad. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa, 63(4), 123–135.
Daveze, J. & Raveneau, A. 2002. Le livre de l’âne. Editions Rustica, France, p. 127.
De Aluja, A. S., Perez, G. T., Lopez, F. & Pearson, R. A. 2005. Live weight estimation of donkeys in Central Mexico from measurement of thoracic circumference. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 37(1), 2005, 159–171.
Defeu, M., Meutchieye, F. & Manjeli, Y. 2015. Diversité phénotypique de l’âne domestique (Equus africanus asinus) dans la région des hautes terres du nord ouest Cameroun. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa, 63(4), 137–149.
Ebangi, A. L. & Vall, E. 1998. Phenotypic characterization of draft donkeys within the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon. Revue d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 51(4), 327–334.
Eley, J. l. & French, J. M. 1993. Estimating body weight of donkeys. Veterinary Record, 132(10), 250.
FOOD and AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION (FAO). 2003. Rapport national sur les ressources génétiques animales en Algérie.
Folch, P. & Jordana, J. 1997. Characterization, references ranges and the influence of gender on morphological parameters of endangered Catalonian donkey breed. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 17(2), 102–111.
GENERAL ORGANISATION FOR VETERINARY SERVICES (GOVS). 2005. Technical veterinary report, General Organization of Veterinary Services, Cairo.
Gizaw, S., Van Arendock, J. A. M., Komen, H., Windig, J. J. & Hanotte, O. 2007. Population structure, genetic variation and morphological diversity in indigenous sheep of Ethiopia. Animal Genetics, 38(6), 621–628.
Grinder, M. I., Krausman, P. R. & Hofmann, R. S. 2006. Equus asinus. Mammalian Species, 794, 1–9.
Guedaoura, S., Cabaraux, J. F., Moumene, A., Tahraoui, A. & Nicks, B. 2011. Evaluation morphométrique de chevaux de race barbe et dérivés en Algérie. Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire, 155, 14–22.
Hassan, M. R., Abdu, S. B., Amodu, J. T., Muniratu, A. A., Adamu, H. Y., Kabir, M., Junaidu, L. A., Ibrahim, T. A., Tamburawa, M. S. & Abubakar, S. A. 2013. Live weight estimation of male donkeys from measurements of heart girth, umbilical girth and body length in northwest Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences, 11(2), 187–194.
Kabore, S. 2014. Caractérisation morpho biométrique et biochimique des asins (Equus asinus) du Burkina Faso. Veterinary Medicine Thesis, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Inter-State School of Sciences and Medicine Veterinary, Dakar, Burkina Faso.
Kefena, E., Beja-Pereira, A., Han, J. L., Haile, A., Mohammed, Y. K. & Dessie, T. 2011. Eco-geographical structuring and morphological diversities in Ethiopian donkey populations. Livestock Science, 141(2-3), 232–241.
Labbaci, M., Djaout, A., Benyarou, M., Ameur Ameur, A. & Gaouar, S. B. S. 2018. Morphometric characterization and typology of donkey farming (Equus asinus) in the wilaya of Tlemcen. Genetics and Biodiversity Journal, 2(1), 60–72.
Marcenac, L. N., Aublet, H. & D'autheville, P. 1980. Etude comparative des régions proportions-compensations hippométrie. In: Encyclopédie du cheval. Maloines, A. (ed.) Paris, France, 195–212.
Mariante, A., Da, S., Miserani, M. G., McManus, C., Santos, S. A., De Abreu, U. G. P. & Da Silva, J. A. 2002. Body indexes for the Pantaneiro Horse. Proceeding of 7th World Congress. Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, 30, 431–434.
Nengomasha, E. M., Jele, N. & Pearson, R. A. 1996. Morphological characteristics of working donkeys in south-western Zimbabwe. ATNESA workshop, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia, 74–80.
Nengomasha, E. M., Pearson, R. A. & Smith, T. 1999. The donkey as a draught power resource in smallholder farming in semi-arid western Zimbabwe: 1. Live weight and food and water requirements. Animal Science, 69(2), 297–304.
Nicks, B., Delfontaine, B., Ca-Nart, B., Vanderbruggen, J. & Vandenheede, M. 2006. Caractéristiques morphologiques des juments de Trait belge. Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire, 150, 247–251.